Brazil is certainly the most attractive market in Latin America. It is the 5th most populous country with over 200 millions inhabitants, and the impressive economic growth of the last decade has brought it up to the 7th rank of the world largest economies, tickling France and the UK. Beside, Brazil is not as poor as it used to be. Lula da Silva’s redistribution policies have generated the rise of a giant middle class with higher purchase power and demanding for better services, now reaching about 100 millions individuals.
Beyond these exciting numbers, further insights show tremendous opportunities for tech companies. Approximately half of the population goes on the web, and the internet penetration is still increasing. The Social Media audience is one of the largest and most active in the world, with 78.3 millions people spending 48% more time on Facebook than the average user. The Smartphone penetration is booming from 23% in 2013 to an expected-42% in 2017.
Brazil startup scene is rising. It is a pool of entrepreneurs with over 300,000 companies created each year. It welcomes foreign investors, who will be allowed a permanent residence visa for “only” USD 60,000 in initial investment. Success stories in startup acquisition are among the most seducing ones of Latin America, like Buscapé which sold 91% of its share for $342 millions in 2009 (as a matter of comparison, the highest price reached in a startup acquisition in Chile is by far $40 millions). And it now has its own government supported accelerator: Start-Up Brasil, though smaller and less famous than its chilean counterpart.
Brazil startup scene is rising, yes, but slowly. As Antônio Luiz Seabra, founder at the cosmetic producer Natura, once said, “There is no need to innovate in Brazil”. The current trend is indeed to make acquisitions of copycats left, right and center. As many countries in Latin America, risk takers and visionnaires are very few. Businessmen prefer to bet safely on a valid clone of an american company. The obstacles for a company that dare to innovate too much will be numerous, from client skepticism to potential competitors that don’t hesitate to suit to shut it down. No borderline company like Uber or AirBnB then, unless it merely confirms a global trend but in that case it will merely be a Brazilian copycat.
What is more, Brazil is well known for its strongly bureaucratic system. It takes 84 days on average to create a company (Brazil ranks 10th worst in the world), and yet there could be many reason along the administrative process for officials to refuse creating the company, the first one being not complying with the important paperwork load. Tax are numerous, especially in case of international trade, and the tax law is quite instable.
Brazil is one of the most difficult market to break into, regardless of its size. Even when a startup has made it through the administrative struggle, it still has to find good local representative, and skilled professionals are a rare ressource, especially entrepreneurs and developers. But any startup, once it gets nationwide, almost automatically becomes a big number company.
- Gigantic market (7th economy and 5th most populous country
- A newly emerged middle class of 100 millions people, with increasing purchase power and demanding for better services
- Growing internet, mobile and smartphone penetration
- One of the largest and most active Social Media audience in the world (78.3 millions people active on Social Networks, spending an average 535 minutes a month on Facebook, 48% more than the global average)
- Permanent Residence Visa for investors from U.S.D. 58,500 Pool of entrepreneurs (+300,000 companies created each year)
- High administrative burdens (84 days on average to create a company)
- Tax laws are complex and unstable. Expect multiple taxes, especially in case of international trade
- Tendency to suit emerging competitors
- Young startup ecosystem struggling within an innovation-averse business culture. Only copycats break even financially.
- Lack of viable and sustainable projects, which has led American investors such as Sequoia to leave Brazil
- Growth at half-mast (1% in 2013)
TOP STARTUPS IN BRAZIL
Price Comparison engine, bought in 2009 by the South-African Naspers for $342 millions, the highest price for the acquisition of a tech company in Brazil.
Ecommerce platform dedicated to fashion, clothes and cosmetics. It has raised about $250,000 since its foundation in 2011, and is currently the fastest growing ecommerce company in Brazil.
Online Retailer, it is the biggest online service company in Brazil with over $2.5 billions of revenue in 2013.
Innovative big data application developer. It is one the only data startup to expand throughout Latin America after receiving the support of the most prestigious startup program on the continent: Start-Up Brasil, but also Start-Up Chile, INNpulsa (Colombia), and NXTP Labs (Argentina).
TOP PEOPLE TO KNOW IN BRAZIL
Serial entrepreneur, founder of the accelerator Startup Farm and manager of the governement program Start-Up Brazil.
21212 Digital Accelerator
Business consultant who founded 21212, the first startup accelerator in Brazil. Also a former professional swimmer!
Founder and former CEO of EasyTaxi. Many times awarded, he has been designated “Most influential person of the Brazilian Internet” by the Galileu Magazine.
DOD, Robôs Investidores
Former system administrator and developer, he is the founder of DOD, a company developing bots that automatically analyze stock-markets.
|GDP (in billions USD):||2,246|
|GDP per capita (in USD):||11,208|
|Population in 2050 (est.):||247,244,000|
|Internet Penetration:||51.6 %|
|Mobile Penetration:||140 %|
|Banking Penetration:||55.9 %|
|Credit Card Penetration:||29 %|
LINKS & RESOURCES
- The best of Brazilian startups at Futurecom competition
- [FutureCom Brazil] How to boost an emerging digital economy? Aim at SMEs!
- [FutureCom Brazil] Submarine cables: the long-term bet of Google in the emerging markets
- [FutureCom Brazil] The Free Wifi revolution, an opportunity for telcos to stay in the game
- BRICS series #1: how Brazil’s Hotel Urbano dominates the online hospitality industry